Linux vs Windows

Created: August 13, 2007, Updated: June 24, 2016, Owner: Rudy_Wurlitzer Comments (0)


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Linux (/ˈlɪnəks/ LIN-əks or /ˈliːnʊks/ LEE-nuuks) is a Unix-like and mostly POSIX-compliant computer operating system assembled under the model of free and open source software development and distribution. The defining component of Linux is the Linux kernel, an operating system kernel first released on 5 October 1991 by Linus Torvalds. The Free Software Foundation uses the name GNU/Linux, which has led to some controversy. Linux was originally developed as a free operating system for Intel x86-based personal computers. It has since been ported to more computer hardware platforms than any other operating system. It is a leading operating system on servers and other big iron systems such as mainframe computers and supercomputers. As of June 2013, more than 95% of the world's 500 fastest supercomputers run some variant of Linux, including all the 44 fastest. Linux also runs on embedded systems, which are devices whose operating system is typically built into the firmware and is highly tailored to the system; this includes mobile phones, tablet computers, network routers, facility automation controls, televisions and video game consoles. Android, which is a widely used operating system for mobile devices, is built on top of the Linux kernel. The development of Linux is one of the most prominent examples of free and open source software collaboration. The underlying source code may be used, modified, and distributed—commercially or non-commercially—by anyone under licenses such as the GNU General Public License. Typically, Linux is packaged in a format known as a Linux distribution for desktop and server use. Some popular mainstream Linux distributions include Debian, Ubuntu, Linux Mint, Fedora, Arch Linux, and the commercial Red Hat Enterprise Linux and SUSE Linux Enterprise Server. Linux distributions include the Linux kernel, supporting utilities and libraries and usually a large amount of application software to ful –Editor's choicemore
Microsoft Windows is a series of graphical interface operating systems developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft. Microsoft introduced an operating environment named Windows on November 20, 1985 as a graphical operating system shell for MS-DOS in response to the growing interest in graphical user interfaces (GUIs). Microsoft Windows came to dominate the world's personal computer market with over 90% market share, overtaking Mac OS, which had been introduced in 1984. As of April 2014, the most recent versions of Windows for personal computers, smartphones, server computers and embedded devices are respectively Windows 8.1, Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows Embedded 8. –Editor's choicemore
Good sides
(advantages, pros)
Nothing's here. Be so nice and [Add newAdd new]
Hmmm, empty. We know you can [Add newAdd new]
Bad sides
(disadvantages, cons)
This cell is empty as... something empty. Be the one to [Add newAdd new]
Nothing's here. Don't be shy and [Add newAdd new]
Company / developerCommunityMicrosoft
Written inVarious (Notably C and Assembly)Assembly, C, C++
OS familyUnix-likeWindows 9x, Windows CE and Windows NT
Working stateCurrentPublicly released
Source modelmainly Free and open source software, Proprietary software also availableClosed / Shared source
Initial release1991; 23 years ago (1991)November 20, 1985; 28 years ago (1985-11-20), as Windows 1.0
Latest release3.15 (8 June 2014; 1 day ago (2014-06-08)) 6.3.9600 (October 17, 2013; 7 months ago (2013-10-17))
Marketing targetPersonal computers, mobile devices, embedded devices, servers, mainframes, supercomputersPersonal computing
Available inMultilingual137 languages
Supported platformsAlpha, ARC, ARM, AVR32, Blackfin, C6x, ETRAX CRIS, FR-V, H8/300, Hexagon, Itanium, M32R, m68k, META, Microblaze, MIPS, MN103, OpenRISC, PA-RISC, PowerPC, s390, S+core, SuperH, SPARC, TILE64, Unicore32, x86, XtensaARM, IA-32, Itanium, x86-64
Kernel typeMonolithic (Linux kernel)Windows NT family: Hybrid, Windows 9x and earlier: Monolithic (MS-DOS)
Default user interfaceManyWindows shell
LicenseMany ("Linux" trademark owned by Linus Torvalds and administered by the Linux Mark Institute)Proprietary commercial software
Read news about Linux
Search Wikipedia for Linux
Read news about Windows
Search Wikipedia for Windows

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